Ancient Cities & Civilizations in Albania

In Antiquity, Albania was largely inhabited by the Illyrians, an Indo-European population, ethnic predecessors of modern Albanians. The following list lays out all attested ancient toponyms in the territory of Albanian Republic and their corresponding modern location. In a chronological sense, the settlements are grouped into two groups: those established before 167 B.C.E. and those after 167 B.C.E. The year 167 B.C.E. marks the full Roman conquest of the Albanian territories. Other names include ancient hydronyms (rivers flowing in Albanian territory and lakes) and toponyms of mountains and other geographical formations. 

Ancient Name (Latin) Ancient Name (Alternative) Modern Corresponding Location Lat. Long. Start Date Late Date Ancient Region Nature of Location
Ancient Settlements
Absus Apsos Seman 40.889230 19.828590 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Acrolissus Acrolissos Mali i Shelbuemit 41.765720 19.682510 -330 300 town
Ad Acroceraunia Qafa e Llogarasë 40.196940 19.597500 -30 640 Chaonia station
Ad Dianam Babie 41.159800 20.301880 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Ad Novas Shënepremte 41.029590 19.543880 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Ad Picaria Ad Picarias; Burnium Puka 42.049920 19.899970 -30 640 station
Ad Quintum Bradashesh 41.094200 20.015500 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Albanopolis Zgërdhesh 41.476000 19.777600 -30 640 Albii town
Amaltheum Malathrea/Mursi 39.708383 20.076857 -30 640 Presaiba private estate
Amantia Plloçë 40.378700 19.697400 -330 300 Amantia town
Antigonea Antigoneia Lekli 40.096700 20.224000 -330 300 Chaonia town
Antipatreia Berat 40.707800 19.945000 -330 640 Dassaretia/Dassaretis town
Apollonia Pojan 40.721500 19.472700 -750 640 Apollonia town
Argyros Gjirokastër 40.073540 20.140490 -330 -30 Chaonia town
Asparagium Rrogozhinë 41.076418 19.666687 -330 300 Parthini/Taulantii station
Aulon Vlorë 40.484900 19.473200 -30 640 Amantia town
Bantia Korçë 40.616367 20.777786 -330 640 Dassaretia/Dassaretis town
Bargulium Gurëzeza (?) 40.619784 19.630059 -330 -30 Byliaca town
Bassania Bassanitae Pllanë 41.698552 19.697380 -330 -30 town
Beue Blacë 40.844597 20.767228 -330 300 Enchelei/Encheleana/; Dassaretia town
Brysaka Gradishtë/Broshkë (?) 40.970708 19.910028 -330 -30 Parthini/Taulantii town
Buthrotum Bouthroton Butrint 39.745600 20.020600 -750 640 Presaiba town
Bylis Byllis Hekal 40.543000 19.738500 -330 640 Byliaca town
Candabia Qukës 41.083320 20.433330 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Chimaira Himarë 40.116700 19.733300 -30 640 Chaonia town
Cinna Koplik 42.222950 19.431270 -30 640 Labeatia station
Creveni Vau i Dejës 42.008953 19.642706 -30 640 Spath/Spas-Drin station
Claudanon Urakë 41.065800 20.583620 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Clodiana Mafmutaga 41.041470 19.796370 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii town
Cnidus Shtërmen 41.006617 20.015480 -330 300 Parthini/Taulantii/; Dassaretia town
Codrion Irmaj 40.851463 20.107244 -330 300 Parthini/Taulantii town
Corragum N/A -330 300 Byliaca town
Creonium N/A -330 300 Dassaretia/Dassaretis town
Deabolis Zvezdë 40.719890 20.888090 -30 640 Dassaretia/Dassaretis town
Dimal Dimalion Krotinë 40.732200 19.829600 -330 300 Byliaca town
Draudacum Grazhdan (?) 41.611016 20.476202 -330 300 Grabaei town
Dyrrachium Epidamnos Durrës 41.316400 19.444900 -750 640 Dyrrachium town
Enkeleana Pogradec 40.901280 20.655713 -330 640 Enchelei/Encheleana town
Eugenium Margëlliçi (?) 40.671766 19.663065 -330 300 Byliaca town
Euia N/A -330 -30 Dassaretia/Dassaretis town
Gabuleum Gabuleo Kukës 42.080421 20.414249 -30 640 Pirustae station
Genesis Shtodër/Peqin 41.153560 19.610440 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Gerus N/A -330 300 Dassaretia/Dassaretis town
Grandavia Spathar 41.158230 20.331020 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Hadrianopolis Sofratikë 39.996400 20.224700 -330 640 Chaonia town
Hekatompedon Saraqinishtë 40.252600 20.078200 -30 300 Chaonia town
Ioustinianoupolis Bregu i Melanit, Nepravishtë 39.995160 20.272810 300 640 Chaonia town
Kestria Çiflig 39.682000 20.122000 -550 -30 Presaiba town
Lissus Lezhë 41.783000 19.649000 -330 640 Ardiaei town
Maindraia Dritas/Karalibeu 39.821161 20.067086 -330 300 Presaiba town
Marusio N/A -30 300 Dyrrachium station
Nikaea Nikaia Klos 40.949900 20.016800 -550 640 Byliaca town
Noutria Bushat (?) 41.960007 19.534482 -330 -30 Ardiaei town
Nymphaeum Nymphaion Shëngjin 41.815000 19.586000 -330 -30 Ardiaei town
Nymphaion Nymphaeum Selenicë 40.535866 19.637375 -550 640 Apollonia town
Olympe Mavrovë 40.410562 19.587889 -330 640 Amantia town
Omphalion Libohovë 40.033300 20.266700 -330 640 Chaonia town
Onchesmus Onchesmos Sarandë 39.883200 19.996800 -550 640 Presaiba/Chaonia town
Orgyssos Orgessus N/A -330 -30 Byliaca town
Orikum Orikon Orikumi 40.319000 19.429700 -330 640 Orikia town
Ottolobus Maliq 40.710816 20.697191 -330 300 Dassaretis/Dassaretia town
Palaeste Palasë 40.166010 19.623360 -330 300 Chaonia station
Parthus Parthos Shirgjan (?) 41.053215 20.051615 -330 640 Pathini/Taulantii town
Panormus Panormos Porto Palermo 40.070000 19.778000 -30 640 Chaonia town/port
Pelion Pelium Goricë 40.641300 20.959880 -330 -30 Dassaretis/Dassaretia town
Petralba Petrela 41.255162 19.854408 300 640 Pathini/Taulantii town
Phoenice Phoinike Finiq 39.913900 20.056600 -750 640 Chaonia town
Pistum Ishmi 41.516170 19.737160 -30 640 Albii station
Pons Servili Kotodesh/Fusha e Kotodeshit 41.052110 20.576190 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Scampis Elbasan 41.112900 20.018100 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Scodra Skodra Shkodër 42.047200 19.494900 -330 640 Labeatia town
Stefanaphana Donofrosë 40.767110 19.787290 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Stefana Qesar 40.598040 19.542670 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Thronion Kaninë 40.443000 19.520000 300 640 Amantia town
Treiecto Mirakë 41.167150 20.224800 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Tres Tabernae Karkavec (?) 41.058692 20.481643 -30 640 Parthini/Taulantii station
Hydronyms (Rivers & Lakes)
Aoos Aous Vjosë river
Apsus Apsos Seman river
Ardaxanus Ardaxanos Mat/Fan river
Argyas Polyanthos Shushicë river
Barbanna Bunë river
Bevus Mborjes river
Brygeis Prespa (Madhe & Vogël) lake
Clausala Kir river
Eordaea Eordaikos Devolli river
Genusus Shkumbini river
Ismareus Ishmi river
Kelydnos Dukati river
Labeatis Liqeni i Shkodrës lake
Lychnidus Liqeni i Ohrit lake
Mathis Mat river
Pelodes Limen Liqeni i Butrintit lake
Ululeus Dyrrhacii Erzen river
Other Ancient Toponyms: Mountains & More
Acroceraunia Pr. Kepi i Gjuhëzës/Karaburun 40.417175 19.300033 cape
Amyron Mali i Tomorrit 40.623646 20.176085 mountain
Aoi Stena Gryka e Vjosës 40.303535 20.160917 gorge
Asnaus Mount Nëmërckë; Goliku 40.267419 20.116667 mountain
Boion Gramoz & Smolikë 40.349852 20.775716 mountain
Boreas Dyrrachi/Dyrrachium Mount Mali i Durrësit 41.333079 19.424167 mountain
Candaviae Candavia Mali i Polisit 41.113600 20.313600 mountain
Ceraunian Mounts Ceraunii Mali i Cikës 40.198060 19.638890 mountain
Dyrrachium Pr. Gadishulli i Durrësit 41.348455 19.427000 peninsula
Gylakeia Myzeqeja/Fusha e Myzeqesë 40.914098 19.658297 plain
Meropus Aeropus Trebeshinë 40.350852 20.116327 mountain
Petra Shkëmbi i Kavajës 41.282628 19.515817 rocky hill
Poseidion Ksamil 39.742900 19.982100 cape
Propilion Stena Gryka e Cangonj-it 40.695507 20.907336 gorge
Sason Sazan 40.494000 19.283000 island
Skardon Scardus Sharri/Korab 41.791605 20.551715 mountain