Geographical OutlinePoetovio (Ptuj in Slovenia) was the only autonomous town in Pannonia founded by Trajan; it was the second largest city in Upper Pannonia (after Carnuntum) and certainly one of the most important in the province. Throughout its history it was the main provincial financial centre; in the first half of the 1st century AD, it was most probably the […]
The Roman Conquest of Illyricum (Dalmatia and Pannonia) and the Problem of the Northeastern Border of Italy.
The history of the Illyrians and Illyria, variously understood in modern scholarship, is divided into different phases, of which the first, lasting to the collapse of the Illyrian kingdom in 168 BC, may be explained in terms of (varying) alliances of tribes and peoples of common or similar ethnic background, speaking similar languages. Extreme theses, such as pan-Illyrism, which saw […]
In the course of Octavian’s Illyrian war (35–33 BC), the navy played an important role, both at sea and on the rivers. Some of its actions are documented by ancient historians (notably Appian and Cassius Dio), While others are hypothesized on the basis of reconstructed military strategy and the logistics of the war. The geographical repartition of the defeated peoples […]
Appian devoted twelve out of thirty chapters (16-28) of his Illyrike, i.e. less than half of this narrative, to Octavian’s Illyrian Wars of 35-33 B.C. These wars, which were fought in several campaigns in different regions of Illyricum, were described by him in great detail, his main and possibly only source having been Augustus’ Commentari. Appian himself expressly claimed that […]
Geographical descriptions in the texts of classical writers, notably in those of the early geographers, referring to distant or lesser known regions, often lack precise data and are therefore vague. Such passages require special attention, and it is particularly important to analyze them in their context. The Periplous ascribed to Skylax (often referred to as Pseudo-Skylax) was probably composed in […]
The history of the Illyrians and Illyria, variously understood in modern scholarship, is divided into different phases, of which the first, lasting until the collapse of the Illyrian kingdom, may be explained in terms of (varying) alliances of tribes and peoples of common or similar ethnic background, speaking similar languages. Some extreme theses, such as that of “panillyrism” (Krahe 1955), which recognized the Illyriansas […]